In the rythm of cosmos. Dimitirs Parousis, a Greek journalist, is tavelling the world right now. Watch his wanderings on line, share his experiences, travel with him...
EN

EN

GR

GR

FR

FR

DE

DE

ES

ES


September
MoTuWeThFrSaSu
123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
252627282930

Learn Greek in 5 minutes

If you read this, after only five minutes you will speak some Greek words for ever...

...............................................

The Greek you already know…

The Greek countryside with all its alternations, its bright blue sky, the warm sun have contributed , among other things, to the creations of a language that is mild, malleable, vivid, harmonious, expressive,  full of vowels. And its exactly because of its flexibility and its ability to combine, Greek is the perfect language to create new words according to needs that may emerge.

One of the most characteristic features of the Greek language is its appropriateness to describe other worlds besides the one the language itself was developed in.

Not only European but also Asian and even African languages resorted to the wealth of the Greek vocabulary to cover their linguistic needs.

Even, for example, the word microphone, a modern invention, is
described with words use by the ancient Greeks. Micro which means small, little, and phone which means voice.

Before you go on reading, I'd like to point out that it is not my intention to pay tribute to the Greek language and overestimate its value. What you are about to read is rather a reminder of the influence the Greek language has had on international thought and expression. At the same time, yet, I want to prove to you that you already speak Greek. The evidence Im going to show you comes from scientific research conducted by eminent linguists , their finds as well as information from the Centre for the Greek language.

Lets start with a word game...

How can you say friend in Greek? Or perhaps wisdom? Don't hurry.
If you take your time to think about it, you'll see that you do know the answer. Lets have a look at the word philosophy. It is a Greek word which means the friend (philo-) of wisdom (-sophia). So, you see, friend in Greek is philos and wisdom is Sophia.

Lets look at another example. How can you say book and writing in Greek?  Have a closer look at the word Bibliography. In Greek it book (biblio) and writing (graphy) which means where books are written (recorded). Thus, biblio in Greek means book and graphy means writing.

There are also other words which are not compound and if you use them in Greece, everybody will be able to understand you. For instance: analysis, synthesis, problem, hypothesis, method, theory, axiom, music, melody, orchestra, rhythm, harmony, rhapsody, hypocrisy, theatre, drama, tragedy, comedy, poetry, lyrism, democracy, tyranny, anarchy, despotism, oligarchy, idea, logic, dilemma, program, system, symbol, syllable, phrase, dialogue, dialect, energy, machine, mystery, phenomenon, dogma, symmetry, metal, crisis, philosophy

The most common of these words add up to some 500, and as international linguists assert, if these words were to be excluded from their vocabulary they would have a serious communication problem.

Specifics in numbers

Strange though it may seem, there are thousands of clearly Greek
words which are used in your own language. To be more specific:

a) The number of Greek words referred to in the English dictionaries varies between 5,000 and 8,500, representing 15-21% depending on the level of the dictionary. The more advanced level of the dictionary, the greater the number of Greek words included.

b) In Merrian Webster, the most advanced American dictionary today, in a total of 166,724 entries, there are 42,914 clearly Greek words. This means that one out of every four words is Greek.

c) In medical terminology, according to the highly-esteemed Dorland dictionary, there are 24,862 entries of Greek words in a total of 46,251, representing 53.75%. If we were to add words that derive from Greek roots, the percentage rises to 68%.

d) Let us take a look at international scientific terminology, take zoology for example. According to Nomenclator Zoologicus, which contains the official international scientific names of all animals, which number 337,789 species, to be discovered by 1944, there are 195,779 Greek words, which represents 57,96%.

The Germans seem to be surprised with the Greek section which exists in their language. They also show disbelief as it is difficult for them to believe that so many words that they read, hear, even use in their daily life are actually Greek, such as : Theater, Museum, Musik, Orchester, Demokratie, Programm, Problem, System, Klima, Politik, Therapie, Technik, Klinik, Methode and many more However, they also express great joy to discover that they can already speak Greek without being aware of it.

Today, the French language, as well as Spanish, German, and English contain words that were used by Homer, Isiodos, Hippocrates, Thucydides, Galinos. Bear in mind that the most ancient texts on history, philosophy and life sciences were written in Greek.

Besides, the Gospel (bible) was written in Greek and even today, many words that do not exist in English are in Greek, for example martyr or baptism.

A good many scientists, when referring to the Greek language, call it Mother Language. Mr Oliver Taplin, Professor of Classical Languages and Literature at the university of Oxford, points out that even the word ALPHABET is made up by the first two letters A (alpha) and B (beta) of the  Greek alphabet.

...............................................

Some Greek words used in English:

Α. abyss, academy, acme=δόξα-ακμή, acrobat, acropolis, aegis, aerial, aerodrome, aeronautics, aeroplane, aesthetic, air, all, allegory, allergy, alphabet, amalgam, ambrosia, amethyst, amnesia, amphibian, amphitheatre, amphora=αμφορεύς, anachronism, anaemia, anagram, analogy, analysis, anarchism, anathema, anatomy, angel, anomalous, antagonism, anorexia, anthology, anticyclone, aorta=αορτή, apathetic, aphorism, apocalypse, apologise, apoplexy, apostasy, apostle, apostrophe, apothecary, archaeology, archbishop, archdeacon=αρχιδιάκων, archipelago, architect, arctic, aristocratic, arithmetic, aroma, arsenic, asbestos, ascetic, asphyxia, asthma, astrology, astronaut, astronomy, asylum, atheism, athlete, atmosphere, atom, atrophy, aura=αύρα-φωτοστέφανο, austere=αυστηρός, authentic, autobiography, autocrat=αυτοκράτωρ-μονάρχης, automatic, autograph, autonomous, autopsy, axiom. (80)

B. bacterium, baptism, barbarian, baritone, barometre, basic, basil, bathos, basis, Bible, bibliography, bigamy, biochemistry, biography, biology, biplane, blasphemy, botany. (18)

C. call, callus, calyx, canon, captain, card, cartography, castor, cataclysm, catacombs, catalogue, catalyst, catapult, cataract, catarrh=καταρροή, catastrophe, catehism, categoric, cathedral, cathode, catholic, caustic, cell, cemetery, cenotaph, centre, ceramic, chameleon, chaos, character, chart, chasm, chimera, chiropractor, choir=xoρός-χορωδία, chiropodist="πεντικιουρίστ", chord=χορδή, choreography, chorus, Christ, chromatic, chromosome, chronic, chronicle, chronological, chronometre, chryssalis, chryssanthemum, cinema, cirrhosis, claustrophobia, cleric, climacteric, climate, climax, clinic, code, colosal=κολοσιαίος, coma, comedy, comic, comma, cosmos, cosmetic, cosmonaut, cost, crisis, criterion, criticism, crypt, crystal, cybernetics, cycle, cyclone, cyclopaedia, cyclotron, cylinder, cymbal, cynic, cyst. (80)

D. deacon=διάκος, decade, decalogue, delta, demagogic, democracy, demography, demon, demotic, dermatology, diabetes, diabolic, diadem=διάδημα, diaeresis, diagnosis, diagonal, diagram, dialect, dialogue, diameter, diamont, diaphanous, diaphragm, diatribe, dichotomy, dictator, didactic, diet, dilemma, dinosaur, dioxide, diorama, diphtheria, diphthong, diploma, diplomat, disaster=δυσαστρία-δεν "έχω άστρο", disc, dolphin, dose, double, draconian, dragon, drama, drastic, dynamic, dynamite, dynasty, dyspepsia.(49)

E. eccentric, ecclesiastic, echo, eclectic, eclipse, ecology, economic, ecstasy, ecumenical, eczema, egoism, elastic, electric, elegiac, elephant, eliptic, emblem, embryo, emetic, emphasis, emporium, encyclopedia, endemic, energy, enigma, enthrone, enthusiasm, entomology, enzyme, ephemeral, epidemic, epigram, epilepsy, epilogue, epiphany, episode, epistle, epitaph, epithet, epitome, epoch, erotic, esophagus, esoteric, ether, ethic, ethnic, ethos, etymology, eucalyptus, Eucharist, eugenics, eulogize, eunuch, euphemism, euphony, euphoria, Eurasia, eureka=εύρηκα, evangelic, exodus, exorcize=εξορκίζω, exotic.(63)

F. fable=φαύλος-μύθος, fanatic, fantasy, father, frenetic=φρενήρης.(5)

G. galaxy, gastronomy, general, genesis, genus, geography, geocentric, geophysics, geopolitics, geology, geometry, gerontology, gigantic, glycerine, gyro, goverment, grammatical, gramophone, graphic, gymnasium, gregorian, gynecaology. (23)

H. hagiology, halcyon=αλκυονίδες ημέρες, harmony, hecatomb, hectare, hedonism, hegemony, helicopter, heliotrope, helium, helot=είλωτας, hemisphere, hemorhage=αιμοραγία, hemoroids, hepatitis, heretic, hermaphrodite, hermetic, hermit=ερημίτης, hero, heroin, hesperus, heterodox, heterogeneous, heterosexual, hexagon, hexameter, hierarchy, hieroglyph, hilarious=ιλαρός-εύθυμος, hippopotamus, hippodrome, history, holocaust, holograph, homeopathy, homogeneous, homonym, homophone, horizon, hymen, hyperbole, hypnosis, hypocrisy, hypotenuse=υποτείνουσα, hysteria, homosexual, horde=ορδή-στίφος, horizon, hormone, hour, hydrostatics, hydrophobia, hyena, hygiene, hymn, hypertrophic, hypochondria, hypodermic, hypothesis.(60)

I. iamb, icon, iconoclaust, idea, ideorgam, ideology, idiot, idiolect, idiom, idiosyncrasy, idylle, Ireland=xώρα της Ίριδος, ironic, isobar, isosceles, isotope, isthmus. (17)

K. kaleidoscope, kilo, kilocycle, kilogram, kilometre, kilolitre, kinetic, kleptomania. (8)

L. labyrinth, laconic, laic, larynx, lava, lesbian, lethargy, leukemia, lexical, lithography, logarithm, logic, logistics, lynx=λύγξ-αγριόγατα, lyre, lyric. (16)

M. macrobiotic, macrocosm, magic, magnet, mania, mathematics, mechanic, medal, megacycle, megalith, megalomania, megaphone, megaton, meiosis, melancholia, melodic, melodrama, meningitis, menopause, metabolism, metallic, metallurgy, metamorphosis, metaphor, metaphysics, meteor, meteorite, meteorology, meter, metre, metric, metronome, metropolis, miasma, microbe, microbiology, microelectronics, micrometer, micron, microorganism, microphone, microscope, mimeograph, mimetic, monarch, monastery, monogamy, monogram, monolith, monologue, monomania, monoplane, monopoly, monosyllable, monotheism, monotone, morphology, museum, music, myopia, myriad, mysterious, mystic, myth.(64)

N. narcissism, narcotic, nautical, nautilus, narcomancy, necropolis, nectar, nemesis, neolithic, neologism, neon, nerve, neoplasm, nephritis, neuralgia, neutrasthenia, new, nostalgia, nymph.(19)

O. oasis, ocean, octagon, octane, octave, octogenarian=ογδοηκοντούτης, octopous, ode=ωδή, odyssey, oecumenical, Oedipous complex, orgy, oligarchy, Olympiad, Olympic, onomatopoeia, ontology, ophthalmia, optic (optimist, option), orchestra, orchid, organ, organic, organism, organize, orgasm, orphan, orthodox, orthographic, orthopaedic, osteopath, ouzo, oxide, oxygen.(34)

P. pachyderm, pagan=παγανιστής-ειδωλολάτρης, paleolithic, paleontology, palm, panacea, panchromatic, pancreas, pandemic, pandemonium, panegeric=πανηγυρική ομιλία, panic, panoply, panorama, pantechnicon, pantheism, pantheon, panther, parabola=παραβολή, paradigm, paradox, paragon=παράγων-υπόδειγμα, paragraph, parallel, paralysis, paranoia, paraphrase, paraplegia, parasite, paratyphoid, parenthesis, pariah=παρίας, parody, paroxysm, pater, pathetic, pathology, pathos, patriach, patriot, patronymic, pedagogue, pederasty, pediatrics, pedometer=βηματομετρητής, pentagon, pentameter, Pentateuch, pentathlon, Pentecost, pepsis, perihelion=περιήλιον, perimeter, period, peripatetic, periphrasis, periphery, periscope, peristyle, peritonitis, petal=πέταλο άνθους, phalanx, phallus=φαλλός, phantasm, pharmacology, pharmacy, pharynx, phase, phenomenon, philanthropy, philately, philarmonic, philology, philosophy, philtre, phlebitis, phlegm, phobia, phoenix, phone, phonome=φώνημα, phonetic, phonograph, phonology, phosphorous, photo, photoelectric, photogenic, photograph, photolithography, photometer, phrase, phrenetic, phrenology, phthisis, physics, physiognomy, physiology, physiotherapy, planet, plasm, plasma, plastic, plectrum=πλήκτρο, pleonasm, plethora, plutocracy, plutonium, pneumatic, pneumonia, pole=πόλος, polemic, policy, police, politics, polyandry, polygamy, polyglot, polygon, polymorphus, polyphony, polypous, polysylable, polytechnic, polytheism, porn, practice, pragmatism, presbyter, prism, problem, prognosis, programme, prologue, prophecy, prophylactic, proscenium=προσκήνιο, proselyte, prosody, protagonist, protocol, proton, protoplasm, protozoa, prototype, psalm, pseudonym, psyche, psychedelic, psychic, psychoanalysis, psychology, psychopath, psychosis, psychotherapy, pterodactyl, pylon=πυλώνας, pyramid, pyre=πυρά, pyrites, pyrotechnics=πυροτέχνημα, python.(162)

R. radio

S. sandal, sarcasm, sarcophagus, sardonic, satyr, scene, sceptic, schematic, schism, schizophrenia, scholar, scholastic, school, scoria, scorpion, Scotland=χώρα του σκότους, Scylla, seismic, semantic, semaphore=σηματοφόρος, septisemia=σηψαιμία, serial, sir, solecism=σολοικισμός, sophism, spasm, sphinx, stadium, stalactite, stalagmite, star, static, statistics, stereophonic, stereoscopic, sternum, stigma, stoic, stomach, strategy, stratagem, stratosphere, strptococcus, streptomycin, strophe, sycophant, syllogism, symbol, symmetry, sympathetic, symphony, symposium, symptom, synagogue, synchronize, syncope, syndrome, synod, synonym, synopsis, syntax, synthesis, syphilis, syphon, syringe, system.(67)

T. tactic, talent, tantalize=υποβάλω κάποιον στα μαρτύρια του Ταντάλου, tartar, tautology, taxidermy, technique, technocracy, technology, telegram, telegraph, telemetry, teleology, telepathy, telephone, telephoto, telescope, thetatre, theism, theme, theocracy, theology, theorem, theoretic, theory, theosophy, therapeutic, therapy, therm, thermal, thermionic, thermometer, thermos, thesaurus, thesis, tone, topography, tragedy, tragicomedy, tremor, trigonometry, trilogy, tripod, trirem, triple, trophy, tropic, typhoon, typical, typography, tyrrany.(51)

U. unonymous

X. xenophobe, xylophone

Z. zephyr, zeugma, zodiac, zone, zoology.(5)

...............................................

A speech in English but with Greek words!

Prof. Xenophon Zolotas is a well-known Greek economist. The speeches that follows were given to a foreign audience, at the closing session of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, on September 26, 1957 and on October 2, 1959. Prof. Zolotas held the positions of the Governor of the bank of Greece and the Governor of the Funds for Greece, at that time.

«I always wished to address this Assembly in Greek, but I realized that it would have been indeed Greek to all present in this room. I found out, however, that I could make my address in Greek which would still be English to everybody. With your permission, Mr. Chairman, I shall do it now, using with the exception of articles and prepositions only Greek words».

Xenophon Zolotas First speech:

''Kyrie, I eulogize the archons of the Panethnic Numismatic Thesaurus and the Ecumenical Trapeza for the orthodoxy of their axioms, methods and policies, although there is an episode of cacophony of the Trapeza with Hellas. With enthusiasm we dialogue and synagonize at the synods of our didymous Organizations in which polymorphous economic ideas and dogmas are analyzed and synthesized.
Our critical problems such as the numismatic plethora generate some agony and melancholy. This phenomenon is characteristic of our epoch. But, to my thesis, we have the dynamism to program therapeutic practices as a prophylaxis from chaos and catastrophe. In parallel, a panethnic unhypocritical economic synergy and harmonization in a democratic climate is basic.
I apologize for my eccentric monologue. I emphasize my eucharistia to you Kyrie, to the eugenic and generous American Ethnos and to the organizers and protagonists of this Amphictyony and the gastronomic symposia''.

Second speech:

''Kyrie, It is Zeus' anathema on our epoch for the dynamism of our economies and the heresy of our economic methods and policies that we should agonise between the Scylla of numismatic plethora and the Charybdis of economic anaemia. It is not my idiosyncrasy to be ironic or sarcastic but my diagnosis would be that politicians are rather cryptoplethorists.
Although they emphatically stigmatize numismatic plethora, energize it through their tactics and practices. Our policies have to be based more on economic and less on political criteria. Our gnomon has to be a metron between political, strategic and philanthropic scopes. Political magic has always been antieconomic.
In an epoch characterised by monopolies, oligopolies, menopsonies, monopolistic antagonism and polymorphous inelasticities, our policies have to be more orthological. But this should not be metamorphosed into plethorophobia which is endemic among academic economists. Numismatic symmetry should not antagonize economic acme.
A greater harmonization between the practices of the economic and numismatic archons is basic. Parallel to this, we have to synchronize and harmonize more and more our economic and numismatic policies panethnically.
These scopes are more practical now, when the prognostics of the political and economic barometer are halcyonic. The history of our didymous organisations in this sphere has been didactic and their gnostic practices will always be a tonic to the polyonymous and idiomorphous ethnical economics.
The genesis of the programmed organisations will dynamize these policies. I sympathise, therefore, with the aposties and the hierarchy of our organisations in their zeal to programme orthodox economic and numismatic policies, although I have some logomachy with them.
I apologize for having tyrannized you with my hellenic phraseology. In my epilogue, I emphasize my eulogy to the philoxenous autochthons of this cosmopolitan metropolis and my encomium to you, Kyrie, and the stenographers''.

...............................................

Some Greek words in four languages:

Greek

English

French

Italian

German

Ακαδημία

Academy

Academie

Accademia

Akademie

Χημεία

Alchemy

Alchimie

Alchimia

Alchimie

Αμνησία

Amnesia

Amnesie

Amnesia

Amnesie

Ανάλυση

Analyse

Analyse

Analisi

Analyse

Αρχαιολογία

Archaeology

Archeologie

Archeologia

Archaologie

Βαρόμετρο

Barometer

Barometre

Barometro

Barometer

Βιογραφία

Biography

Biographie

Biografia

Biographie

Βιολογία

Biology

Biologie

Biologia

Biologie

 

 

 

 

 

Καλλιγραφία

Calligraphy

Calligraphie

Calligrafia

Kalligraphie

Κατάλογος

Catalogue

Catalogue

Catalogo

Katalog

Χειρουργική

Chirurgy

Chirurgie

Chirurgia

Chirurgie

Διπλωματία

Diplomacy

Diplomatie

Diplomazia

Diplomatie

Δημοκρατία

Democracy

Democratie

Democrazia

Demokratie

Ηλεκτρικός

Electric

Electrique

Elettrico

Elektrisch

Εγώ, Εγωισμός

Egoism

Egoisme

Egoismo

Egoismus

Φαντασία

Fantasy

Fantaisie

Fantasia

Phantasie

Γυμναστική

Gymnastic

Gymnastique

Ginnastica

Gymnastic

Ιστορία

History

Histoire

Storia

Historie

Ιδέα

Idea

Idee

Idea

Idee

Χιλιόμετρο

Kilometre

Kilometre

Chilometro

Kilometer

Λογική

Logic

Logique

Logica

Logik

Μανία

Mania

Manie

Mania

Manie

Μουσική

Music

Musique

Musica

Musik

Όνομα

Name

Nom

Nome

Name

Αριθμός (νέμω)

Number

Numero

Numero

Nummer

Νοσταλγία

Nostalgy

Nostalgie

Nostalgia

Nostalgie

Ένα

One

Un

Uno

Ein

Οπτικός

Optic

Optique

Ottica

Optik

Οξυγόνο

Oxygen

Oxygene

Ossigeno

Oxygen

Παράλληλος

Palrallel

Parallele

Parallelo

Parallel

Φιλοσοφία

Philosophy

Philosophie

Filosofia

Philosophie

Ρόμβος

Rhomb

Rhombe

Rombo

Rhombus

Σύμβολο

Symbol

Symbole

Simbolo

Symbol

Συμπάθεια

Sympathy

Sympathie

Simpatia

Sympathie

Θεραπεία

Therapy

Therapie

Terapia

Therapie

Ουτοπία

Utopia

Utopie

Utopia

Utopie

 

 

 

 

 

Ξυλογραφία

Xylography

Xylographie

Silogragia

Xylographie

 

 

 

 

 

Ζωδιακός

Zodiac

Zodiaque

Zodiaco

Zodiakal

Ζωολογία

Zoology

Zoologie

Zoologico

Zoologie

 

After all that, are you sure that you still can not speak Greek?

Τι ώρα είναι στην Ελλάδα;
4195
Days around the World